4.  Discuss the energy-atmosphere system. Include in your discussion what you learned more about water resources; global climate systems; and climate change. Also discuss how geoscientists study the planet to come to the conclusions they do. Finally discuss why you think it is significant to study these topics.

Note: This question asks you to summarize chapters 9, 10 and 11. Chapter 9 (“Water Resources”) covers the hydrologic cycle, Earth’s water budget, and surface vs. groundwater. Chapter 10 (“Global Climate Systems”) covers climate and climatology, the climate classification system, and 6 global climate zones. Chapter 11 (“Climate Change”) covers climate change, past climates, fluctuations, carbon budgets, modeling, and the future.

I. Overview

II. Water Resources

·        Illustrate and discuss the hydrologic cycle on Earth

·        Discuss the Earth’s water budget

·        Explain the differences between surface and groundwater


III. Global Climate Systems

·        Define and discuss climate and climatology

·        Explain what the climate classification system is and how it works

·        Describe the 6 global climate zones

IV. Climate Change

·        Define climate change and explain what it is

·        Discuss past climates on Earth

·       Discuss climate fluctuation
·       Discuss feedback and carbon budget
·        Discuss climate models and modeling
·     Describe future climate scenarios

V. Science of Geography

·        Define Physical Geography

·        Describe modern geoscience techniques: GPS, remote sensing (RS), and GIS

·        Explain how these tools are used in geographic analysis (give examples)

Vi. Significance

·        Discuss why it is important to study the topics above

·        Give examples to show a deeper level of understanding

VII. Summary

·        Include a summary at the end to reinforce the concepts discussed above (see online examples)