1.  Discuss the earth-atmosphere interface. Include in your discussion what you learned more about the dynamic planet; tectonics, earthquakes, and volcanism. Also discuss how geoscientists study the planet to come to the conclusions they do. Finally discuss why you think it is significant to study these topics.

Note: This question asks you to summarize chapters 12 and 13. Chapter 12 (“The Dynamic Planet”) covers uniformitarianism, Earth’s interior, main rock groups, Pangaea, and tectonic plates. Chapter 13 (“Tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanism”) covers types of plate boundaries, earthquake characteristics and measurement, and volcanic landforms and eruptions.

I. Overview

II. Dynamic Planet

·        Discuss the principle of Uniformitarianism and give an example to show a deeper understanding

·        Discuss the Earth’s interior and describe it’s structure; draw a diagram to show a deeper level of how it works

·        Discuss the 3 main rock groups (igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic); show what you learned by giving examples of each rock type and why it is significant to study each

·        Discuss Pangaea and continental drift; briefly discuss how the theory of plate tectonics came to be; include evidence supporting the theory

III. Tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanism

·        Discuss Earth’s topography and the major topographic regions

·        Discuss continental crust and how it forms; define what a terrane is

·        List the 3 types of plate boundaries and identify examples of each

·        Explain earthquake characteristics and measurement; also discuss earthquake forecasting

·        Describe volcanic landforms and distinguish between and effusive vs. an explosive eruption

IV. Science of Geography

·        Define Physical Geography

·        Describe modern geoscience techniques: GPS, remote sensing (RS), and GIS

·        Explain how these tools are used in geographic analysis (give examples)

V. Significance

·        Discuss why it is important to study the topics above

·        Give examples to show a deeper level of understanding

VI. Summary

·        Include a summary at the end to reinforce the concepts discussed above (see online examples)